Language And Thought CTET MCQ

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Language And Thought CTET MCQ

01 Which of the following statements about cognitive development is correct?

  1. It represents activities the reinforce traditional methods
  2. It thrives when the child is given a varied and rich environment
  3. It focuses more on individual activities in comparison to collaboration
  4. It allows conducting of relevant and well-designed tests frequently

Option 2 – It thrives when the child is given a varied and rich environment

02 The theory that we are born with a language acquisition device was formulated by

  1. jean piaget
  2. ivan pavlov
  3. noam chomsky
  4. bf skinner

Option 3 – noam chomsky

03 Which theory of language claims that language is a product of conditioning?

  1. the behaviourism theory
  2. the constructivism theory
  3. the functionalism theory
  4. the humanism theory

Option 1 – the behaviourism theory

04 Which psychologist formulated the theory in which interaction is considered the most important in language development of a child?

  1. jean piaget
  2. lev vygotsky
  3. bf skinner
  4. noam chomsky

Option 2 – lev vygotsky

05 Which one of the following pairs is least likely to be a correct match?

  1. children enter in the world with certain knowledge about language – chomsky
  2. language and thought are initially two different activities – vygotsky
  3. language is contingent on thought – piaget
  4. language is a stimuli in environment – bf skinner

Option 4 – language is a stimuli in environment – bf skinner

06 Thinking permits humans to

  1. anticipate or expect actions
  2. make predictions about the world that they experience
  3. reflect on an idea
  4. all of the above

Option 4 – all of the above

07 Thinking is a part of cognition because

  1. it helps in directing attention towards a stimulus
  2. it helps in receiving information
  3. it helps in processing information received
  4. all of the above

Option 3 – it helps in processing information received

08 Which of the following statements about concept formation by a child is correct?

  1. concepts are universal
  2. concepts are not hierarchical
  3. there is a set pattern of concept development
  4. concepts are not used in thinking

Option 3 – there is a set pattern of concept development

09 Smallest unit of meaning in a language is

  1. phoneme
  2. pragmatics
  3. syntax
  4. morpheme

Option 1 – phoneme

10 Which is the incorrect way to support language development?

  1. letting the child talk uninterruptedly an a topic
  2. disapproving the use of their own language
  3. supporting initiative taken by children
  4. providing opportunities for using language

Option 2 – disapproving the use of their own language

11 The sounds th, ph, ch are

  1. phonemes
  2. morphemes
  3. graphemes
  4. lexemes

Option 1 – phonemes

12 What kinds of errors are common between a learner who is learning his mother tongue and the learner who learns the same language as a second language?

  1. overgeneralization
  2. simplification
  3. developmental
  4. hypercorrection

Option 3 – developmental

13 Phonological awareness refers to the ability to

  1. reflect and manipulate the sound structure
  2. speak fluently and accurately
  3. know, understand and write
  4. master the rules of grammar

Option 2 – speak fluently and accurately

14 Aarjav says that language development is influenced by one’s predisposition, while Sonali feels that it is because of the environment. This discussion between Aarjav and Sonali is about

  1. critical and sensitive feeling
  2. stability and instability argument
  3. continuous and discontinuous learning
  4. nature and nurture debate

Option 4 – nature and nurture debate

15 India has a lot of linguistic diversity. In this context, which of the following is the most appropriate statement about multi-lingual classrooms at primary level, especially classes I and II?

  1. The school should admit only those students whose mother tongue is the same as the language of instruction
  2. The teacher should respect all languages and encourage children to communicate in all of them
  3. They should ignore the children who use their mother tongue in the class
  4. Students should be penalized for using their mother tongue or the local language

Option 2 – The teacher should respect all languages and encourage children to communicate in all of them

16 Most classrooms in India are multilingual and this needs to be seen as …….. by the teacher

  1. a bother
  2. a problem
  3. a resource
  4. an obstacle

Option 3 – a resource

17 To enable students to make conceptual changes in their thinking, a teacher should

  1. offer rewards for children who change their thinking
  2. discourage children from thinking on their own and ask them to just listen to her and follow that
  3. offer an explanation in a lecture mode
  4. make clear and convincing explanations and have discussions with the students

Option 4 – make clear and convincing explanations and have discussions with the students

18 Early childhood is …….. period for language development

  1. a not-so-significant
  2. an unimportant
  3. a sensitive
  4. a neutral

Option 3 – a sensitive

19 Which one of the following is not an element of language?

  1. pragmatics
  2. semantics
  3. linguistics
  4. grammar

Option 3 – linguistics

20 Language is important because it

  1. is unable to help in expressing a child’s thoughts
  2. develops the personality of the child
  3. helps a child processing the information received through perception
  4. helps in making correct facial expressions in response to a stimulus

Option 2 – develops the personality of the child

21 Which psychologists or linguists suggested that thought is totally determined by language?

  1. piaget and vygotsky
  2. skinner and chomsky
  3. chomsky and vygotsky
  4. sapir and whorf

Option 4 – sapir and whorf

22 The two views on the interdependence of language and thought differ in

  1. the interdependence between language and thought
  2. their views on whether language or thought solve problems
  3. their views on whether language determines thought or vice-versa
  4. none of the above

Option 3 – their views on whether language determines thought or vice-versa

23 Language development in children starts from which of the following ages?

  1. from birth
  2. from early childhood
  3. from late childhood
  4. from pregnancy

Option 1 – from birth

24 Vocabulary of a child at the end of the second year becomes about

  1. 100 words
  2. 60 words
  3. 150 words
  4. 10 words

Option 3 – 150 words

25 The first word a child uses represents

  1. space
  2. time
  3. abstract ideas
  4. concrete objects

Option 4 – concrete objects

26 A child of 2 to 3 years of age

  1. will be able to give its gender, name, or age
  2. will have a vocabulary of at least 500 words
  3. can answer how who and when questions
  4. should be able to tell a reasonably connected story about a picture

Option 1 – will be able to give its gender, name, or age

27 A child’s language development depends on ……. factors

  1. educational
  2. biological
  3. social
  4. all of these

Option 4 – all of these

28 An instance of a biological problem affecting language development is

  1. poor socio-economic background
  2. a cleft lip
  3. the educational environment
  4. autism

Option 4 – autism

29 Which one of the following is an educational factor affecting language development?

  1. listening to correct language being spoken
  2. difficulty in communicating with others
  3. using abstract concepts
  4. social interaction with parents and classmates

Option 1 – listening to correct language being spoken

30 Language development of children depends on

  1. better socio-economic environment
  2. better schooling
  3. freedom of expression given to the child
  4. all of the above

Option 4 – all of the above

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