Thinking And Learning In Children CTET MCQ

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Thinking And Learning In Children CTET MCQ

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01 ‘Connectionism’ means that

  1. making meaning out of the interaction between experiences and ideas
  2. learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses to them
  3. learning is the result of mental construction
  4. none of the above

Option 2 – learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses to them

02 The ‘Laws of learning’ were given by

  1. pavlov
  2. skinner
  3. thorndike
  4. kohler

Option 3 – thorndike

03 In class teaching the step of introducing a lesson is based on which law of learning?

  1. law of effect
  2. law of analogy
  3. law of readiness
  4. law of association

Option 3 – law of readiness

04 The law of excercise for children’s learning means which of the following?

  1. learning takes place when dissatisfying responses are eliminated
  2. learning takes place when the child is interested in it
  3. practice leading to satisfaction improves learning
  4. practice increases the permanency of learning

Option 4 – practice increases the permanency of learning

05 Which of the following is an example of the ‘Law of effect’ in action?

  1. when the practice of learning is discontinued
  2. learning to drive a motor car
  3. when the practice of learning leading to pain strengthens the learning
  4. when the practice of learning leadind to pain weakens the learning

Option 4 – when the practice of learning leadind to pain weakens the learning

06 A child can fail in school due to confusion caused by which of the following?

  1. it is asked to perform repetitive tasks
  2. it may lack self-esteem
  3. differences between what it learns at home before joining school and what it taught in school
  4. it reacts over-enthusiastically to whatever the teacher tells in class

Option 3 – differences between what it learns at home before joining school and what it taught in school

07 Which of the following will result in a child lacking motivation to perform well in school?

  1. having poor communication with the teacher
  2. avoiding the teacher’s questions without embrrassment
  3. being asked to carry out work in which it is not interested
  4. teacher’s poor responses t the child’s questions

Option 1 – having poor communication with the teacher

08 Which of the following methods to avoid failure of a child in school will suceed?

  1. teachers and parents help the child to develop its skills
  2. increased support from parents
  3. parents must display their appreciation for any scholastic achievement of the child
  4. all of the above

Option 4 – all of the above

09 “A young child responds to a new situation on the basis of the response mady by him/her in a similar situation as in the past.” This is related to

  1. ‘Law of analogy’ of learning
  2. ‘Law of effect’ of learning
  3. ‘Law of attitude’ of learning process
  4. ‘Law of readiness’ of learning

Option 2 – ‘Law of effect’ of learning

10 When a child ‘fails’, it means

  1. the child is not fit for students
  2. the child has not memorised the answers properly
  3. the child should have taken private tuition
  4. the system has failed

Option 4 – the system has failed

11 If a student is consistently getting lower grades in school, her parents can be advised to help her by

  1. working in close association with teachers
  2. withholding mobile phones, movies, comics and extra time for play
  3. narrating her the hardships of life for those who do not possess proper education
  4. forcing her to work harder at home

Option 1 – working in close association with teachers

12 A teacher is connecting a text to the previously learnt text and showing children how to summarise it. She is

  1. helping children to develop their own strategy to comprehend it
  2. insinuating that there is no need to go through the entire text
  3. reinforcing the importance of text from the assessment point of view
  4. encouraging children to mug it up as effectively as possible

Option 1 – helping children to develop their own strategy to comprehend it

13 Which of the following factors supports learning in a classroom?

  1. increasing the number of tests to motivate children to learn
  2. supporting the autonomy of children by the teachers
  3. sticking to one particular method of instruction to maintain uniformity
  4. increasing the time interval of periods from 40 minutes to 50 minutes

Option 2 – supporting the autonomy of children by the teachers

14 When children learn a concept and use it, practice helps in reducing the errors committed. This idea was given by

  1. EL Thomdike
  2. Jean Piaget
  3. JB Watson
  4. Lev Vygotsky

Option 1 – EL Thomdike

15 Which of the following statements about children’s errors is correct?

  1. children’s errors are part of the learning process
  2. children commit errors when the teacher is lenient and does not punish them for mistakes
  3. children’s errors are insignificant for the teacher as she should just strike out the mistakes and not pay any attention to them
  4. children commit errors because they are careless

Option 1 – children’s errors are part of the learning process

16 How do children learn? Which one of the following is not true with respect to this question?

  1. children learn when they are cognitively ready
  2. children learn in a number of ways
  3. children learn as they are naturally motivated
  4. children learn in class only

Option 4 – children learn in class only

17 To enable students to make conceptual changes in their thinking, a teacher should

  1. offer rewards for children who change their thinking
  2. discourage children from thinking on their own and ask them to just listen to her and follow that
  3. offer an explanation in a lecture mode
  4. make clear and convincing explanations and have discussions with the students

Option 4 – make clear and convincing explanations and have discussions with the students

18 Mistakes and errors made by students ( Thinking And Learning In Children CTET MCQ )

  1. are a wonderful opportunity to label children as ‘weak’ or ‘outstanding’
  2. are indicative of the failure of the teacher and the students
  3. should be seen as opportunities to understand their thinking
  4. should be severely dealt with

Option 3 – should be seen as opportunities to understand their thinking

19 Thinking in childhood can be explained as a/an ……..

  1. cognitive activity
  2. emotional behaviour
  3. social process
  4. psychomotor process

Option 1 – cognitive activity

20 Thought patterns of children are ………

  1. confused in the sensori-motor and pre-operational stages of development
  2. different from those of adults
  3. not expressed at all
  4. similar to those of adults

Option 2 – different from those of adults

21 Thinking processes in children are not based on ( Thinking And Learning In Children CTET MCQ )

  1. imagination
  2. experiences
  3. decisions
  4. interests

Option 3 – decisions

22 If a child observes its parents doing something and takes similar action based on this observation, the child’s thinking has been based on

  1. logic
  2. concept formation
  3. imitation
  4. imagination

Option 3 – imitation

23 Example, observation, analysis, classification and generalisation are the steps of whic of the following method of reasoning?

  1. deductive method
  2. inductive method
  3. introspection method
  4. extrospection method

Option 2 – inductive method

24 Why is inductive reasoning not always correct? ( Thinking And Learning In Children CTET MCQ )

  1. because it generalises an observation
  2. because it starts with a general statement and then goes to a particular example of that statement
  3. both 1 and 2
  4. neither 1 and 2

Option 1 – because it generalises an observation

25 Why is deductive reasoning also called ‘top-down logic’?

  1. it starts with many observations and ends with a generalisation based on these observations
  2. it starts with a general statement and ends with examples of that statement
  3. it goes from top of bottom of the child’s brain when it is using this form of logic
  4. both 2 and 3

Option 2 – it starts with a general statement and ends with examples of that statement

26 Thinking capacity of children can be improved by

  1. not allowing them to speak about what they are thinking
  2. not allowing them to do higher level work
  3. helping them to solve problems
  4. devleloping their interests

Option 4 – devleloping their interests

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