Learning And Acquisition MCQ

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Learning And Acquisition MCQ

01 For learning a language a child must need …..

  1. home environment
  2. theoretical knowledge of mother tongue
  3. second language grammar rules
  4. speaking ability

Option 3 – second language grammar rules

02 In context of language acquisition and learning which statement is not true?

  1. cultural differences is one of the main factor in language acquisition and learning
  2. In learning, we never use translation method
  3. In learning a language, many hopethesis are constructed in mother tongue
  4. Language acquisition is easy and a natural process where as learning a hypothesis requires more efforts

Option 2 – In learning, we never use translation method

03 Which factor is the most important to learn language?

  1. Well developed language environment
  2. Grammatical rules of language
  3. Questions based on text
  4. Textbooks on that language

Option 3 – Questions based on text

04 The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 stipulates that learning should be

  1. through activities in a child friendly manner
  2. supported by extra-coaching
  3. restricted to co-scholastic subjects
  4. carefully monitored by frequent testing

Option 1 – through activities in a child friendly manner

05 We use real objects to teach young learners new words because

  1. it helps in teaching the correct spelling of words
  2. we can teach vocabulary only through objects
  3. young learners are not capable of abstract thinking
  4. it helps learners associate words with objects they see in real life

Option 4 – it helps learners associate words with objects they see in real life

06 Struct, stride and trudge are words that describe a manner of

  1. galloping
  2. running
  3. riding
  4. walking

Option 4 – walking

07 The process of word-formation consists of

  1. compounding and conversion
  2. conversion and meaning
  3. spelling and compounding
  4. using synonyms or euphemisms

Option 1 – compounding and conversion

08 A ‘critical period’ during language learning is ……

  1. special time set aside for students to intensively practice language use
  2. the period during which language can be acquired with greater ease than any other time
  3. the length of time before a comprehensive assessment takes place in class
  4. best preparatory period for any language project

Option 2 – the period during which language can be acquired with greater ease than any other time

09 When children first start to speak in sentences, their speech may be described as

  1. multilingual
  2. babbling
  3. exceptionally
  4. telegraphic

Option 2 – babbling

10 Which observation supports Noam Chomsky’s ideas about language acquisition?

  1. Children’s language development follows a similar pattern across cultures
  2. The stage of language development occurs at about the same age in most children
  3. Children acquire language quickly and effortlessly about the same age
  4. All of the above

Option 1 – Children’s language development follows a similar pattern across cultures

11 ‘Children deserve most of the credit for the language that they acquire’. This observation implies that in modern class rooms

  1. students pursue their own lines of enquiry
  2. students need not attend L2 classes
  3. students may choose L2 on their own
  4. the teacher establishes the task and supports or facilities learning

Option 1 – students pursue their own lines of enquiry

12 “Supply comprehensible input in low anxiety situations” is the basis of language acquisition. An example would be

  1. teacher-directed learning in the classroom
  2. collaboration of students in learning situations
  3. homework designed to use parents support
  4. student receive feedback for error correction regularly

Option 2 – collaboration of students in learning situations

13 Vocabulary is the largest language should be kept under control, i.e. graded. This can be done by

  1. teachers providing a short list of words that are commonly used
  2. students learning and practising in the context of real situations
  3. students write/speak using a graded list of new words
  4. students read a prescribed book and take a vocabulary quiz

Option 3 – students write/speak using a graded list of new words

14 In a constructivist classroom, language learning should be based on

  1. the transaction of the prescribed text book by the teacher
  2. learner’s previous knowledge in constructing their new knowledge using authentic tasks
  3. the assumption that English language can only be learnt if the teacher transmits it to the learners
  4. drill and practice of grammatical items

Option 2 – learner’s previous knowledge in constructing their new knowledge using authentic tasks

15 Learning to speak in a second language does not involve

  1. its pronunciation
  2. culturally bound speaking events
  3. theoretical knowledge of a language
  4. second language grammatical knowledge

Option 2 – culturally bound speaking events

16 Which one of the following is the most important about story telling?

  1. It broadens their knowledge about various authors
  2. It enhances graded pattern and structure
  3. It promotes whole language approach
  4. It is an effective way of learning vocabulary

Option 4 – It is an effective way of learning vocabulary

17 The most important factor which is responsible for the differentiation between language learning and language acquisition is

  1. language environment
  2. grammar of language
  3. assessment in language
  4. text book of language

Option 4 – text book of language

18 Which one of the following is the most important pre-requisite for language learning?

  1. Children’s motivation to learn the language
  2. List of aims and objectives of the language to be learnt
  3. Providing a good text book to children to learn the language
  4. Using structural situation approach while learning

Option 1 – Children’s motivation to learn the language

19 Home language is ……. in a natural way

  1. taught
  2. promoted
  3. acquired
  4. learnt

Option 3 – acquired

20 Which of the following is not true while teaching the learners in their mother tongue at primary level?

  1. It is helpful in the intellectual development of the child
  2. It helps children in learning in a natural environment
  3. It develops self-confidence in the child
  4. It makes learning easy

Option 3 – It develops self-confidence in the child

21 The way through which the art of using skill and practice is given to learn is called

  1. learning
  2. acquisition
  3. erudition
  4. recitation

Option 1 – learning

22 When language is learnt naturally and without any systematic practice, it is called as

  1. learning
  2. first learning
  3. acquisition
  4. erudition

Option 3 – acquisition

23 A child has to use higher order mental processes such as intelligence or reasoning in which types of learning?

  1. Motor skills learning
  2. Speaking
  3. Concept learning
  4. Verbal learning

Option 3 – Concept learning

24 State which is not true in context of learning and acquisition?

  1. Acquisition is a natural process
  2. Learning is a continuous process
  3. Learning results in subject proficiency
  4. Acquisition helps in cognitive abilities

Option 4 – Acquisition helps in cognitive abilities

25 The ‘acquired system’ or acquisition of a language is the

  1. formal skills development
  2. sub-conscious process
  3. input-output process
  4. self-monitoring of learning

Option 2 – sub-conscious process

26 From the given factors, which one may not affect learning outcome?

  1. Learner’s motivation and interest
  2. Structure and size of classroom
  3. Teacher’s personality and attitude
  4. Parent’s income and status

Option 4 – Parent’s income and status

27 Which one of the theories based on habit formation says that humans or any creatures give response due to stimulus or humans learn due to stimulus?

  1. Classical conditioning
  2. Operant conditioning
  3. Generalisation
  4. Adaptation

Option 1 – Classical conditioning

28 Learning a language is a

  1. gradual process
  2. last process
  3. instant process
  4. all inclusive process

Option 1 – gradual process

29 A teacher is explaining a new concept in the class. Shreya knows the meaning of difficult words and concepts. She also understands the concept without any difficulty. She is good in …..

  1. motor skills
  2. cognitive abilities
  3. rote memory
  4. verbal ability

Option 2 – cognitive abilities

30 According to Vygotsky, learning in a child or adult takes place due to

  1. inborn abilities
  2. scientific attitude
  3. social interaction
  4. introduction of a stimulus

Option 3 – social interaction

31 According to Piaget, learning occurs due to

  1. inborn speaking abilities
  2. stimulus recognition
  3. assimilation and adaptation
  4. scientific investigation

Option 3 – assimilation and adaptation

32 The children suffer from lack of self-esteem when they are

  1. not allowed to eat what they want
  2. not able to express their feelings through words or language
  3. are not allowed to play with friends
  4. None of the above

Option 2 – not able to express their feelings through words or language

33 The term ‘second language’ refers to

  1. one’s native language
  2. regional language
  3. other than the native
  4. None of the above

Option 3 – other than the native

34 Which is not a very good method of learning vocabulary?

  1. Writing
  2. Watching movies
  3. Talking and reading
  4. (1) and (2)

Option 4 – (1) and (2)

35 The best way to develop a child’s vocabulary at the initial stage is to

  1. leave the child alone with story books
  2. make him go to a school at a very young age
  3. engaging in talks with the child and reading out aloud
  4. show the child various programmes on T.V.

Option 3 – engaging in talks with the child and reading out aloud

36 For a small child ‘words’ are ….

  1. an effective tool of communication
  2. best way to express feelings
  3. All of the above
  4. None of the above

Option 3 – All of the above

37 A teacher in class II shows real objects one by one and then calls out its name. Her purpose in doing this activity is

  1. motivate the children and make lesson interesting
  2. helping learners to acquire vocabulary by associating words with real life objects
  3. helps in improving correct pronunciation
  4. to teach the correct spelling of the word

Option 2 – helping learners to acquire vocabulary by associating words with real life objects

38 A child does not keep good health. He has to visit a doctor again and again. Will this problem affect his ….

  1. acquisition of language
  2. talking and speaking
  3. learning
  4. None of the above

Option 3 – learning

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